European Oak: Quercus petraea
We supply English Oak, Welsh Oak, Scottish Oak, Irish Oak and European Oak.
European Oak is native throughout the UK, Europe, Asia Minor and Northern Africa.
European oak heartwood is light tan to biscuit colour. The timber is usually straight grained, but can be irregular or cross-grained depending on the growth conditions. Weight varies from 720 kg/m3 and 670 kg/m3; specific gravity averages around .67 to .72.
European oak will blue stain in contact with iron compounds. However, the timber has very good steam bending properties.
European oak dries slowly, it is liable to split, check and honeycomb. The timber needs care when air-drying or kiln drying. There is medium - low movement in service.
Three is a significant blunting effect on tools, and a reduced cutting angle is recommended. The wood takes, wax, varnish and fume treatments well.
European heartwood is very durable and extremely resistant to preservative treatments., the sapwood is permeable. The timbers acidic nature will affect metals in direct contact and cause corrosion.
Oaks strength and durability lends the timber to a variety of uses including joinery, furniture and cabinet making, boat building, cooperage for wine and beer as well as flooring and vehicle body bearers.
BROWN OAK: Results from fungal attack in the growing tree, this causes the heartwood to turn a deep brown colour. The colour is very variable; therefore it is buyers choice as to what tones are wanted.
BOG OAK: Brought about by chemical changes due to the timber being buried in peat bogs for centuries.
Both these timbers are highly sort after for use in furniture making.